Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus. The virus is part of the genus orthopoxvirus, which includes the virus that causes smallpox. Scientists first identified the disease in 1958.There were two outbreaks among the monkeys used for research. Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by infection with monkeypox virus.
The monkeypox virus belongs to the genus Orthopoxvirus of the Poxviridae family. The genus Orthopoxvirus also includes variola virus (which causes smallpox), vaccinia virus (used in smallpox vaccine), and bovine pox virus. Humans can get monkeypox from animals, either through bites or scratches or by preparing wild game meat, according to the CDC. Monkeypox is caused by the monkeypox virus, which belongs to a subgroup of the Poxviridae virus family called Orthopoxvirus.
This subgroup includes smallpox, vaccine, and bovine smallpox viruses. Although an animal reservoir for monkeypox virus is unknown, African rodents are suspected to be involved in transmission. Monkeypox can be contracted from infected wild animals in parts of West and Central Africa. It is thought to spread by rodents, such as rats, mice, and squirrels.
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